Adi Kailash which is also commonly known as Shiva Kailash, Chhota Kailash, Baba Kailash, and Jyolingkong Peak, is one of the eight sacred mountains in India. It is situated in the Himalayan mountain range near Om Parvat which lies in the Dharchula district in Western Nepal and Pithoragarh district in Uttrakhand, India. Since it lies between India and Nepal, Om Parvat is a part of both the countries. The division of this sacred mountain took place when the Indo-Nepalese border which is known as Sunauli was established. Many a time, Adi Kailash is mistaken for Om Parvat as both are in the similar Himalayan range and both are one of the abodes of Lord Shiva.
On the other hand, Adi Kailash is mistaken for Mount Kailash which holds immense importance among followers of Hinduism. Over years of observation, the devotees or pilgrims who wish to scale Adi Kailash divert their attention to Om Parvat and end up climbing both the mountains. This is undoubtedly due to the beauty of valleys and lakes that attract the trekkers, as to not let go of the opportunity.
Adi Kailash is standing at an elevation of 6310 meters, is located near the Sin La Pass and Brahma Parvat. It is noteworthy to mention, the base camp of Adi Kailash stands at a distance of 14 kilometers from the Kutti village where Gaurikund is situated. Along the journey, many trekkers also stop here by to visit the sacred Gaurikund to pay their respects at the Hindu Shiva Temple nearby. To make it easy to differentiate between Adi Kailash and Om Parvat, here is a brief. Om Parvat is situated at or near Nabidhang India-China Border whereas Adi Kailash is located at or near the Indo-Nepalese border.
Earlier in the 1900s, several attempts to ascend the Adi Kailash have failed. The first ever successful attempt to climb the sacred mountain, Adi Kailash, was made under the British-Scottish-American Team that included Tim Woodward, Jack Pearse, Andy Perkins (UK) Jason Hubert, Martin Welch, Diarmid Hearns, Amanda George (Scotland) and Paul Zuchowski (USA). This took place in the year 2004,but did not ascend the final few meter out of respect for the sacred nature of summit.
Apart from this, another attempt had been made two years ago, in 2002. This expedition was led by an Indo-Aussie-British-Scottish team comprising of Martin Moran, T. Rankin, M. Singh, S. Ward, A. Williams, and R. Ausden. However, this attempt could not be completed successfully because of the unpredictable rock and snow conditions the team had to face. Here it is noteworthy to mention that both the attempts were made within the boundaries of respect towards the sacred nature of the mountain and thus, climbers had returned before the final 10 meters of the mountain to maintain the demand of nature.
History of Adi Kailash and Om Parvat
Adi Kailash has arise high to the elevation of 6310 meters in the Pithoragarh district in Uttarakhand.The mountain is prominently known as Shiva Kailash, Baba Kailash, Chhota Kailash, and Jyolingkong Peak. Indeed, Adi Kailash, the mountain is situated near Om Parvat which holds importance in the Hindu Mythology. It is noteworthy of mentioning that both the mountains are assumed to hold sacred significance and are paid frequent visits by the Hindu devotees from all over the world. However, since both Adi Kailash and Om Parvat are situated not far from each other, usually, devotees usually pay their respects by visiting Adi Kailash first and then, heading towards the Om Parvat.
According to Indian history, there exist only eight mountains with the consciousness of ‘OM’ symbol on them. Among these mountains, only one has been discovered till date, and the rest of them are still undiscovered. This mountain is called Om Parvat, and for years, it has been a center of attraction for pilgrims all over the world. The mountain, In the context of the live experience of devotees, Om Parvat is notable among the Himalayan mountain range because of the visible and miraculous impression of Om symbol and creates curiosity among people who flock from all parts of the world to experience this miracle for themselves. And also, the Adi Kailash is also a similitude of another sacred mountain in the Indian history called Mount Kailash.
Talking about the religious importance of Adi Kailash, according to Hindu Mythology, Lord Ravana, the king of Lanka, visited Adi Kailash and prayed to Lord Shiva there. Ever since that time, Adi Kailash has become a spot for the devotees of Shiva, so they can live in his resemblance. Apart from this, Adi Kailash is also counted among the three divisions of Kailash Trilogy or Shiva Trilogy.
Where is Adi Kailash?
Adi Kailash is nestled between the Himalayan mountain range in the Dharchula district of Western Nepal and the Pithoragarh district of Uttrakhand, India. It is situated nearby Sin La Pass and Brahma Parvat. For visiting the base camp of Adi Kailash, trekkers trek for 14 kilometers from the Kutti village to the Jyolingkong Lake. On their way, devotees like to offer their prayers at a Hindu Shiva temple which is located near the lake.
Adi Kailash and Om Parvat
Adi Kailash is situated in the Himalayan mountain range in Pithoragarh and Dharchula. It is prominently known as Shiva Kailash, Baba Kailash, Chota Kailash, and Jyolingkong Peak. In Indian history, there exist only eight mountains with the consciousness of ‘OM’ Symbol. Among these mountains, only one has been discovered till the date. The mountain is called Om Parvat. In the context of the live experience of devotees,Om Parvat is notable among the Himalayan mountain range because of the visible and miraculous impression of Om symbol and creates curiosity among the viewers. Also, Adi Kailash is a similitude of another sacred mountain, Mount Kailash.
When was the first successful ascent of Adi Kailash?
The first successful ascent of Adi Kailash took place in October 2004. The ascent was led by British-Scottish-American team including Tim Woodward, Andy Perkins, Jason Hubert, Martin Welch, amongst others. The fantastic work of the team enabled them to ascend the mountain Adi Kailash which was otherwise considered unpredictable before then. It is noteworthy to mention that the team earned the respect of devotees when they did not climb the last few meters on reaching the climax of the target to keep the respect of the sacred nature of the mountain.
Apart from this, there was an earlier attempt to ascend the Adi Kailash had taken place in 2002. It was led by Indo-Aussie-British-Scottish team comprising in Martin Moran, T. Rankin, M. Singh, S. Ward, A. Williams, and R. Ausden who abandoned the target at the last moment because of the loose snow and rock conditions. The climbers did not ascend the final 10 meters to keep the respect of the sacred nature of the mountain and the holiness of the peak. That’s right, over the centuries before 2002, the mountain was considered impossible to climb due to the harsh weather conditions. Today as well, devotees only visit the Adi Kailash to view the mountain from a particular distance to pay their penance to Lord Shiva.